Back dating option stock
Sue-Lynn Carty has over five years experience as both a freelance writer and editor, and her work has appeared on the websites and Love To Know.
Carty holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in business administration, with an emphasis on financial management, from Davenport University.
Our identification strategies rule out plausible alternative explanations for these abnormal returns.
The data appears to show that, at the companies in question, share prices tend to decline in the 90 days before grant and then rebound afterward much more than at comparable companies during the same period. The SEC’s complete overall of its proxy reporting rules, which occurred a few years late and included the CD&A requirement, suggested that companies disclose in their proxy statements whether they attempt to “time” the award of options to occur before or after the release of news to the market.
Companies might also need to consider disclosure about how the board or compensation committee considers such information when determining whether and in what amount to make those grants.
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Employees do not have any stock ownership benefits, such as voting rights, until they exercise their option to purchase shares.In 2005, I posted on the major scandal involving companies’ backdating stock option awards.The first hint that a problem existed in this area was an academic study finding that many public companies seemed to be prescient enough to award stock options on the day the company’s stock price hit its low for the year, and strongly suggesting that this was much more than mere coincidence.Now, another academic research study, Right on Schedule: CEO Option Grants and Opportunism (previously discussed in the ), suggests that companies (the authors blame the CEO) may be releasing negative information before an option grant (“bullet-dodging”) or holding back positive information until after the grant (“spring-loading”).
The move to scheduled options solved some problems but created others.
While the focus of the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") centers on improper accounting practices and disclosures, thereby violating securities laws, a major yet little explored consequence to the scandal involves potentially onerous taxes on those who received these options.