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In Ancient Hebrew Periodization and the Language of the Book of Jeremiah, Aaron Hornkohl attempts to date this biblical work, both as a whole and according to the constituent layers of which it is apparently composed, on the basis of diachronic linguistic typology.
While ancient Hebrew underwent linguistic change, as do languages in general, the biblical texts seem not to reflect this chronology in a way that makes any kind of linguistic dating of the texts possible – in contrast to the consensus prevailing among Hebrew linguists until about a decade ago.
The scarcity of clear evidence allows for the possibility of many views, though these are often clouded by theological and political biases.
This impressive, broad‑ranging book synthesizes recent linguistic, textual, and historical research to clarify the history of biblical literature, from its oldest texts and literary layers to its youngest.
In clear, concise language, the authors provide a comprehensive overview that cuts across scholarly specialties to create a new standard for the historical study of the Bible.
This much‑needed work paves the path forward to dating the Hebrew Bible and understanding crucial aspects of its historical and contemporary significance.
But others will not find this agreeable, so we will offer a way out of this conclusion by arguing that the presuppositions of the chronological approach are undermined by the evidence.
Until now there has been no introduction to and comprehensive overview of the field.Scholarship has viewed the book of Hosea as originating in eighth-century Israel before being taken to Judah, where it underwent one or more redactions in later centuries. The post-monarchic period in Yehud provides the most fitting context for the anti-monarchical ideology of the book, with the polemic against Benjamin explicable only as a result of the tension between the governing Saulides resident in Mizpah and the Judahite elite who had recently immigrated to Jerusalem from Mesopotamia in the late sixth century.However, evidence suggests that the book should be viewed as a Judahite text from the start, of late sixth or early fifth century B. The dual theme of Exile and Return present in the book is consistent with the discourse found in other sixth century Judahite books.The exile in the sixth century BCE marks a transitional period, the great watershed in the history of BH.
After the return from exile in the late sixth century BCE, we have the era of LBH. Hebrew biblical texts can, therefore, be dated on linguistic grounds because LBH was not written early, nor did EBH continue to be written after the transition to LBH.We illustrate these first of all by several quotes from his early work on the Prose Tale of Job.